Mongolia climate is sharp continental, decided by the harsh cold of Siberia and isolation from the world waters. This page tells you more about climate
of Mongolia or weather of Mongolia and temperature in Mongolian tourism season.
Mongolian Climate is one of extremes - hot summers and
freezing cold winters. Known as the 'Land of Blue Skies',
it has over 260 sunny days each year. The winter is long
and cold with temperatures often well below -30 Centigrade.
Despite these temperatures, the blue winter sky makes it
often feel warmer. There is very little snowfall but it
and ice can remain for several weeks at a time.
The rainy season is from July to September, but the showers
are often brief. Mongolian summer is the most pleasant time to travel Mongolia, as sometimes temperatures can reach +40 Centigrade, the air
is dry and pleasant to travel around. The Gobi usually has the hottest temperatures.
Summer evenings can be cool because of Mongolia's high altitude.
The spring is a time of strong winds, especially difficult
in the sandy areas of the Gobi.
Temperature in Mongolia
Generally, in the winter time, the temperature is from – 15’C to – 30’C or (- 5’F to – 22’F) and in the summer times, the average temperature is from +10’C to +26.7’C or (50’F to 80’F). The average temperature in the Altai, Khangai, Khuvsgul and Khentii mountain region is less than – 4’C, in the basin of biggest rivers – 6’C to – 8’C, in the steppe zone, it is less than + 2’C and in the Gobi desert zone, it is more than +6’C.
January, the coldest month of the year in Mongolia – the air temperature reaches – 30’C to – 34’C in the Altai, Khangai, Khuvsgul and Khentii mountain region, - 20’C to 25’C in the steppe zone, - 15’C in the Gobi desert and it is from – 15’C to 12’C in the southern Gobi desert region.
The hottest month of the year in Mongolia is July, the average temperature in the Altai, Khangai, Khuvsgul and Khentii mountain region is +15’C, it is from +15’C to +20’C in the great lake depression, Altai, Khangai, Huvsgul, Khentii mountain range and basin of Orkhon, Selenge and Khalkha rivers and it is +20’C to 25’C in the southern part of Dornod steppe and it is more than +25’C in Dornogobi region.
In the summer time, the temperature goes down when land level goes up +0.5 – 0.6’C for each 100 meter than sea level.
Mongolian Weather Right Now by
The annual precipitation in Mongolia
Generally, the sum of annual prescription is not much in Mongolia. The average rainfall is 300 – 400 mm in the Khangai, Khentii and Khuvsgul mountainous area, is 250 – 300 mm in the Mongol Altai mountainous region and forest, steppe zone, 150 – 250 mm in steppe zone and 50 – 100 mm in the Gobi desert zone.
The ~ 85% of total precipitation is from April to Sep and its’ 50 – 60% is in Jul and August. The average rainy days in mountainous region of Mongolia is 60 – 70 days. For example, when rainy days are 40 – 60 in Khangai, Khentii mountain region, it is 30 days are rainy in the Dornod great steppe and the Gobi desert.
The most percentage of annual precipitation is rain. During the whole winter, there is 10 mm snow in the Gobi desert and 20 – 30 mm snow in the mountainous region and Basin of Uvs Lake and 10 – 20 mm snow in rest of territory.
The number of days which have snow cover is more than 150 days in Mongol Altai, Khangai, Khentii and Khuvsgul mountain region, 100 – 150 days in forest, steppe zone, 50 – 110 days in Dornod great steppe and other region and less than 50 days in the Gobi desert zone.
The Sun Ray: There are 230 – 260 days are sunny in Mongolia and it is 2600 – 3330 hour of a year.
Wind: it is much windy in the steppe and Gobi desert region. The average wind speed is 4 – 6 m/s in these territories, 1 – 2 m/s in the Khentii mountain range and 2 – 3 m/s in rest of region.