Khan is famous for establishing the
largest empire the world has ever seen. For
the Mongols, he embodies strength, unity, law
and order. He is the young king who united the
warring clans. Until the end of the 12th century,
the Mongols were little more than a loose confederation
of rival clans. A Mongol named Temujin was born
in 1162, as a prince of Kiyat-Borjigin tribe.
After many years of hard life after his father's
death, at the age of 20, he emerged from a power
struggle to become the leader of the Kiyat-Borjigins.
Within a few years, he managed to unite most
of the Mongol tribes, and in 1189, he was given
the honorary name of Chinggis Khaan, meaning
'universal (or oceanic) king'. No Mongolian
leader before or since has held the Mongolians
Khan's Monument at Gurvan Nuur is famous
for that it was erected in 1962 or during the
communist time. During the communist regime
Genghis Khaan was seen as a monster, mass killer
to the Mongols according to the Soviet policy.
The Mongols weren't allowed to say good things
about their Great Khaan, if one once told he'd
definitely be sent to jail.
Oglogchiin Herem is the biggest
graveyard ever found from the 13th century.
It is said that it was the graveyard of the
13th century Mongolian aristocrats. The graveyard
is surrounded by 2-4m high granite wall extending
about 10 km. The journey also takes us to Khajuu
Bulag, a spring near
Deluun Boldog, Genghis Khaan is believed to
be washed for the first time right after he
Rashaan Khad is famous for
its over 20 ancient inscriptions in Tibetan,
Runic, ancient Mongolian etc. It is a 10m high
granite rock on a hill.
Eastern Mongolia SPA
the verdant grasslands that covered the great
plains of eastern Europe a thousand years ago
or North America two hundred years ago-a place
with few inhabitants, and no fences, roads,
or livestock. Established in part to protect
habitat for the Mongolian gazelle, the Eastern
Mongolia Protected Area covers a representative
part of the last of the great plain ecosystems.
The Eastern Mongolia protected area is home
to 25 species of mammal, dominated by herds
of Mongolian gazelle. Wolves, corsac and red
fox, and badger all occur here. Birds include
the endangered great bustard, a game bird that
has been hunted close to extinction. Steppe
eagles, upland buzzards, kites, and the rough-legged
harrier all nest in the reserve. Two species
of amphibian, including the endangered Asiatic
grass frog, and five reptiles live here.
Bogd is the highest one of the over
180 extinct volcanoes (were active some 10 million
years ago) in eastern Mongolian steppes and
is elevated at 1778m. Shiliin Bogd provides
a wonderful view of the other 180 extinct volcanoes
from its top. The mountain is the place where
the "Mongol Good Men" took their oaths
to help the poor by robbing the Chinese and
Manchus in the mid 17th - early 20th century
when the Mongols were under Manchu control.
Taliin Agui Cave was made
by the volcano eruption and is considered as
the most beautiful one of Mongolian over 200
caves. It wasn't easy to find the cave in the
vast steppes, thus, the Mongol Good Men used
to hide from the polices.
Lake is a fresh water lake along the
Moltsog sand dunes set in the beautiful valley
of Dariganga sum. The scenery here is picturesque
and is home to many rare species of birdlife.
We will meet Dariganga people and learn their
interesting culture & traditions near the
Dariganga, a small people group of
Mongolian origin, inhabit the southeastern regions
of Mongolia. The Dariganga belong to the eastern
group of Mongols, which includes the Khalkha
Mongols, the Buryat, and most of Mongols in
China. Although most Mongols now live in cities,
there remains a large population of Dariganga
nomads. Their dwellings are portable gers. The
nomads raise horses, cattle, and sheep and migrate
four or five times a year in search of fresh
pastures. The Dariganga traditionally married
while they were very young. The girls were usually
13 or 14, and the boys were only a few years
older. Today, couples usually marry while they
are in their early to mid-twenties, then immediately
begin having children. Urban Dariganga, especially
those with a college education, tend to delay
marriage until they reach their late twenties.
Birth control is discouraged in Mongolia. The
Dariganga love music, folk dances, chess, and
Hodoo Aral is also one of the most
important places for Genghis Khaan's life. The
only historic document on Genghis Khaan's life
and wars "The Secret History of the Mongols"
was completed here in 1240 or 1252. In honor
of the event, a stone monument of the Great
Khaan was erected here in 1990.
Nature Reserve was founded in order
to protect the endangered wildlife and their
habitats. It's the first place to develop environment-friendly
and community-based tourism. The Nature Reserve
is truly the marvelous combination of high mountains,
colorful flowers, pretty lakes, rivers and wetland
waters with full of waterbirds including some
rare and endangered species. In Gun-Galuut people
can see and take pictures of the endangered
beautiful wild mountain sheep Argali the Big
Horns from the closest distance. Throughout
the reserve, many locations provide great angles
to view a number of rare waterbird species including
the White Crane, White napped crane, Black stork,
Swan goose, Black Stork and Whooper swan. Horse
riding in the mountains, steppes and along the
river is just awesome! There is a great fishing
on the quiet Kherlen River including Taimen,
Pike, Lenok, Burbot, Amur Catfish and Sturgeon.
Visiting nomadic families will be unforgettable
beautiful experience as you will love their
faces with real smiles, hospitality, simple,
unique and peaceful lifestyle. You also can
ride camel/yak or travel with camel/yak carts
as these are merged parts of nomadic lifestyle.